Debt Relief: What It Is And When You Should Seek It (2024)

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Feeling overwhelmed by credit card bills, student loan payments or other debts? Seeking out debt relief can help you get your financial obligations under control.

Debt relief can take different forms, and one may work better than another. While seeking debt relief can offer some advantages, there may be cons to weigh in the balance.

Here’s more on how debt relief works.

Featured Partner Offers

1

Accredited Debt Relief

Fee for Settlement

15% to 25%

Founded

2011

BBB Rating

A+

1

Accredited Debt Relief

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On Accredited Debt Relief's Website

2

National Debt Relief

Fee for Settlement

18% to 25%

Founded

2009

BBB Rating

A+

2

National Debt Relief

Learn More

On Nationaldebtrelief.com's Website

3

Freedom Debt Relief

Fee for Settlement

15% to 25%

Founded

2002

BBB Rating

A+

3

Freedom Debt Relief

Learn More

On Freedom Debt Relief's Website

What Is Debt Relief?

Debt relief refers to a variety of strategies for making debt easier to handle. What debt relief looks like for you may hinge on the types of debts you have and what you need help with most.

For example, you may need credit card debt relief if you’re struggling to pay off credit card bills. Or you may be interested in debt consolidation if you have several types of debt to pay off.

Credit counseling, debt management plans and debt settlement also fall under the debt relief umbrella. While the means are different, the end goal is similar. Debt relief is about helping people find a workable path for eliminating debt.

How Does Debt Relief Work?

Debt relief works by making it easier for you to reduce your debt burden. The first step is realizing that you need help with managing debts. The next step is choosing a debt relief option.

Some of the ways debt relief can work include:

  • Interest rate reductions
  • Changes to credit card or loan repayment terms
  • Reducing the principal amount owed
  • Consolidating debt
  • Loan refinancing

Bankruptcy can also be considered a form of debt relief. But there can be significant credit score impacts associated with filing bankruptcy.

When comparing debt relief programs or options, it’s important to consider both the good and the bad.

When You Should and Should Not Seek Debt Relief

Debt relief may not be right for everyone. So, before digging into the options, it’s helpful to understand who debt relief is suitable for.

You may consider debt relief if:

  • You’re behind on credit card bills or other loan payments.
  • You’re not behind on bills yet, but you’re struggling to afford your payments.
  • You’ve tried to manage your debt on your own, but you can’t seem to make any progress.
  • You’ve contemplated filing bankruptcy.

Debt relief may not work for you if:

  • You’re continuing to add to your debt balances.
  • You’re not interested in making a long-term commitment to repaying debt.

If you’re still creating new debt, then debt relief alone may not be enough. You may also need to address the spending habits that are keeping you in debt.

Debt Relief Options

Debt relief isn’t a one-size-fits-all solution. There are different ways you can approach it, depending on how much you owe and what type of interest rates you’re paying.

Here’s a closer look at four of the most common debt relief options.

Debt Consolidation

You may choose to consolidate debt if you have several different loans or lines of credit to repay. But what is debt consolidation and how does debt consolidation work?

In simple terms, debt consolidation means combining multiple debts into one. For instance, you may use a personal loan to consolidate debt from multiple credit cards.

Balance transfers are another option for credit card debt relief. In this case, you’d open a new credit card account, ideally at a low or 0% annual percentage rate, then transfer your existing balances to this card.

Consolidating debt means you’ll have just one payment to make each month. It may or may not save money on interest, however. It’s also important to understand the pros and cons of debt consolidation.

Credit Counseling

Credit counseling involves meeting with a credit counselor to discuss your budget, debt and finances. A credit counselor can review your spending and debts, then help you create a personalized plan for managing both.

Seeking out a credit counselor could be a good fit if you just need some help with creating a workable debt repayment plan. A credit counselor also may help educate you on basic budgeting issues that could have led to your having excess debt in the first place.

Many nonprofit credit counseling agencies offer their services free of charge.

It’s a good idea to check the agency’s accreditation status—and the credit counselor’s certification status—with the National Foundation for Credit Counseling (NFCC) or the Financial Counseling Association of America (FCAA).

Debt Management Plans

If you’re working with a credit counselor or a debt relief program, one possibility they may suggest is a debt management plan. A debt management plan, or DMP, works like this:

  • You choose which debts to enroll in the program.
  • You make one single payment to the debt management plan each month.
  • That payment is distributed among your creditors, according to the terms of the plan.

Debt management plans are similar to debt consolidation, in that you only have one payment to make. But this type of debt relief program doesn’t require you to take out a loan or open a balance transfer credit card. And, depending on the program, you may be able to get your interest rate lowered or have certain fees waived.

Under the terms of a debt management plan, while you may receive more favorable interest rates or relief from fees, you still repay the entire principal amount owed.

Debt Settlement

Debt settlement is considered an option of last resort. It allows you to pay off debts for less than what’s owed. If your creditor agrees to a debt settlement, any remaining balance is canceled.

This is effectively a type of debt forgiveness, since you don’t have to repay anything more than the agreed-upon settlement amount. Debt settlement is something you can do yourself if you have cash to pay your creditors and you’re comfortable negotiating with them one on one.

There are also debt relief companies that will negotiate for you. This, however, typically involves paying a fee to the company that’s helping you to get loan relief or credit card debt relief.

Also, keep in mind that you typically need to be past due before a creditor will consider settling a debt. So, compared to other debt relief options, debt settlement can be more damaging to your credit score.

For example, if you work with a debt settlement company, they will ask you to make payments to a separate account they set up, rather than paying your individual creditors. This will cause you to be past due with your creditors for a period of time, which negatively affects your credit.

There also can be income tax implications to debt settlement—whether done through a debt settlement company or on your own—because the amount of debt that’s forgiven likely will be considered taxable income.

What to Know Before You Apply for Debt Relief

Debt relief programs can help you get out from under your debt burden. But it’s a decision that needs to be made carefully. It isn’t necessarily a perfect solution and there may be some serious trade-offs to make.

Before getting started with debt relief, here are three important things to consider.

Interest

Debt consolidation loans or lines of credit and 0% balance transfer offers can provide credit card debt relief. But consider the cost involved.

Ideally, consolidating debt results in a lower interest rate. A lower APR means more of your monthly payment goes toward the principal so you can repay your debt faster. You also accrue less interest over your repayment period.

If you’re interested in how to consolidate debt, first consider the rates you may qualify for based on your credit score. And, if you’re interested in something like a debt management plan, ask whether a rate reduction is a possibility when working out repayment terms.

Fees

There may be fees associated with some debt relief options and it’s helpful to factor those in when deciding whether the cost is worth it.

For instance, credit counselors may or may not charge a fee to help you create a budget and spending plan. With debt consolidation loans, there are loan origination fees and prepayment penalties to watch out for. If you’re using a 0% APR balance transfer credit card to consolidate debt, then you may pay a balance transfer fee.

If you’re interested in a debt management plan, there may be a monthly fee required to enroll. And companies that negotiate debt settlement also can charge a fee for their services, sometimes as much as 15% to 25% of the amount settled or forgiven.

Since fees can add to the total amount you have to repay, it’s important to know what you’re paying up front and how it can add up over the long term.

Scams

When you’re interested in debt relief services, whether it’s credit counseling, a debt management plan or debt forgiveness, it’s important to ensure that the company you’re working with is legitimate. Otherwise, you run the risk of falling victim to a debt relief scam.

You also want to understand the differences, as outlined above, among debt consolidation, debt management plans and debt settlement. Not all debt relief providers use these terms clearly enough for you to understand what you’re getting into unless you read or listen very carefully.

As you compare debt relief companies, be aware of the following red flags:

  • Demands for fees that must be paid before services can be offered
  • Lack of transparency in explaining what the company does or provides
  • Requests for access to personal or banking information
  • Promises or guarantees that seem too good to be true

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) maintains a database of consumer complaints regarding debt relief companies and other financial services providers. You can check the database, along with the Better Business Bureau, to verify a company’s reputation.

How Does Debt Relief Affect Your Credit?

Debt relief has the potential to affect your credit reports and credit scores, although the actual impact depends on which option you choose and where your credit score was to start.

With debt settlement, you may need to be several months’ behind on payments in order to negotiate a payoff agreement. Most of the damage to your credit may already have been done, as late payments can be detrimental to your score.

A debt management plan may have a minimal impact on your credit if your creditors continue to report the account as paid as agreed. Credit counseling may have no impact on your credit at all. It could even help to raise your credit score if you’re able to reduce debts and make payments on time after working out a repayment plan.

Before opting in to any type of loan or credit card relief plan, read the fine print first to check for any mention of credit score impacts. It’s also helpful to monitor your credit reports and scores regularly to detect any changes to either one.

Bottom Line

If you’re weighed down by debt, then debt relief could help you find the light at the end of the tunnel. It can also help head off the possibility of having to file bankruptcy. Understanding what you hope to get from debt relief and how it can help is critical for choosing the right solution.

Featured Partner

1

National Debt Relief

Fee for Settlement

18% to 25%

Founded

2009

BBB Rating

A+

1

National Debt Relief

Learn More

On Nationaldebtrelief.com's Website

Frequently Asked Questions

How does debt consolidation work?

Consolidating debt means combining multiple debts into one. Two common ways you can consolidate debt are by taking out a personal loan or using a balance transfer credit card. While you will still repay the full principal, you may be able to pay less interest.

How do you cancel debt relief?

If you’re working with a debt relief company, you’ll need to contact them to ask about cancellation options. Keep in mind that if you have a contract with a debt relief company, you may have to pay a fee to get out of it.

What do debt relief companies do?

Debt relief companies help people manage their debts. Depending on debt relief company, this may include credit counseling, debt management plans or debt settlement and debt forgiveness.

Debt Relief: What It Is And When You Should Seek It (2024)

FAQs

Debt Relief: What It Is And When You Should Seek It? ›

Cons of debt settlement

Stopping payments on your bills (as most debt relief companies suggest) will damage your credit score. Debt settlement companies can charge fees. Not all debt settlement companies are reputable, so you'll have to do your research.

What is the disadvantage of debt relief program? ›

Cons of debt settlement

Stopping payments on your bills (as most debt relief companies suggest) will damage your credit score. Debt settlement companies can charge fees. Not all debt settlement companies are reputable, so you'll have to do your research.

What is the point of debt relief? ›

Debt relief refers to measures to reduce or refinance debt in order to make it easier for the borrower to repay it. Options for debt relief include forgiving a portion of the debt, lowering the interest rate, stretching payments over a longer period, or consolidating multiple debts into a single, lower-interest one.

Do you get money back from debt relief? ›

You can get a refund without applying if your payments brought your loan balance below the maximum debt relief amount: $10,000 for all borrowers, and $20,000 for Pell Grant recipients.

Does freedom debt relief ruin your credit? ›

Will likely hurt your credit score: Like with any debt settlement company, working with Freedom Debt Relief will typically make your credit score drop at first. Depending on your situation, it could be a significant tumble.

Who will benefit from debt relief? ›

We find that a disproportionate amount of debt forgiveness goes to middle- or high-income households under all the cancellation scenarios we consider because higher-income households tend to hold more student debt. However, more aggressive income targeting can make a cancellation program significantly more progressive.

What issues do you need to be aware of when choosing a debt relief program? ›

What are the risks of debt settlement?
  • There might be a negative impact on your credit report and credit score. ...
  • Creditors might start debt collection. ...
  • You might not be able to settle all your debts. ...
  • You might not finish the whole program. ...
  • There could be tax consequences.

How long will debt relief affect your credit? ›

Since a debt settlement typically remains on your credit score for seven years, it can be difficult to find a lender who is willing to help right away. However, if you stay on top of your financial obligations and prove that you are a trustworthy borrower, you can surely find a lender who is willing to work with you.

How long does a debt relief last? ›

A debt relief order normally lasts for 12 months. However, it will impact your credit report for six years from the date it was approved as it will be listed for future lenders to see.

Can you qualify for debt relief? ›

Debt relief qualifications

You must owe more than $7,500 in debt and be at least several months behind on payments. You must also be able to make monthly payments to National Debt Relief at an agreed-upon rate. The final criteria for eligibility is less straightforward.

How does my debt get forgiven? ›

Debt forgiveness isn't always easy to come by. Usually, lenders that offer loan forgiveness programs have eligibility requirements. To determine whether and how much of your debt to forgive, your lender will consider your financial circumstances and how much debt you owe.

What happens if I drop out of a debt relief program? ›

If you stop making monthly payments to your debt management plan, you will be removed from the program and your rates will shoot back up to their previous levels. Some plans will drop you after missing a single payment, while others may be generous enough to allow up to three missed payments.

What is the difference between debt relief and loan forgiveness? ›

Debt forgiveness is different from debt relief, which refers to a debt payment program that helps lessen the financial burden of debt by making payments more manageable. However, debt relief does not erase or forgive debt.

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